[This is a clone of a repository on github]

iso_track


introduction

iso_track (isopod_tracking) is a semi-automated script to quantify movement of animals in videos using foreground-background detection in response to pixel-motion (opencv fgbg-subtractor). It has been sucessfully used to quantify movement of the freshwater isopod Asellus aquaticus (for the scientific background refer to http://luerig.net/Research/#Isopods) and threespine stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus). The idea is based on approbatory/motion-tracker and was implemented with soft-matter/trackpy. Arena selector is based on Dan Masek's answer to this SO question.

Example of iso_track motion detection in a laboratory foraging experiment. Here all isopod and stickleback movements are tracked with 6 detections per second (=every of 5th frame from a 30 fps video). Note that the drawn overlays are not the actual analysis, but serve the purpose of evaluating the overall detection quality. The trackpy routine eliminates all glitches (flickering isopod or fish overlays)

The script uses different modules to quantify movement of different animals at the same time. In the given example, the goal is to quantify isopod movement in response to movements of a predatory fish (stickleback). However, the two movement patterns are very different and would be difficult to detect from a single routine. So each animal has its own code-module that contains the necessary adjustments of the detected foreground.

Example of iso_track output. Left: Trajectory of stickleback movement over 15 minutes (from green to blue: earlier to later in time). Most glitches have been removed to this step. The trajectories can be further smoothed (later in R or Python), e.g. by averaging over multiple frames per second. Right: Summary of fish and isopod movement. This figure shows how much all isopods have moved (green line: the sum of the movement of all isopods in one second) and how much the fish has moved (red line: mean fish movement in one second).

It's easy to add a module that can quantifiy movement of other animals in different environments. Please feel free to get in touch with me if you need help running the script or have questions about customizing it for your own study-system: moritz lürig @ eawag


installation

After downloading and installing Anaconda, you can simply install the other packages from your command line (windows cmd/power shell, linux terminal, ...):

conda update conda
conda install numpy pandas 
conda install -c conda-forge opencv 
conda install -c soft-matter trackpy

Now you can open the scripts with a python interpreter. IMPORTANT: The script is not executable standalone, so a python interpreter has to be used to modify and execute the script (e.g. Spyder or VS code; both are "R-Studio style" interpreters and come with Anaconda). Directories and input data need to be specified beforehand inside the script. At some point in the future I may provide a standalone executable version of the program.


script execution

Works best one code cell/lense at a time (cells are denoted by "#%%" and create a horizontal line in most IDEs)

(refer to the annotation inside the script for more details)

  1. download iso_track.py and iso_track_modules.py scripts into your current working directory
  2. open iso_track.py, configure your current wd with os. chdir() and import the modules
  3. configure video and detection settings. backgr_thresh will have the greatest effect on your results, as it defines the sensitivity of the foreground-background detector. lower values increase sensitivity (i.e. more likely to detect something), but also increase noise. skip frames if your organisms are moving too slow. configure the modules separately: the blurring kernels (blur_kern) and iterations (blur_iter) will smoothe the detected contours. min_length and max_length can be to exclude more noise. shadow detection improves results but slowes the detection. you can (and should) come back here often to improve your results
  4. draw arena. this will potentially remove a lot of noise. running this section will open a window, where you can select the arena to be included by left clicking. right click will complete the polygon and show you the result (green is included, red excluded in the motion analysis).
  5. everything is set up now - run the video capture! reads frame by frame (or every nth frame, if you chose to skip frames at 3.). shows you the live process (everything detected as moving gets white overlay) and saves the detected movements to a pandas dataframe. video of overlays is saved as well
  6. calculate the trajectories. here you need to find out what works best for your case - see trackpy reference . the larger search_range or memory are, the more challenging it is for the algorithm to find a solution, especially if you have many moving objects in your video. if you have only one, it should be ok to go to high values. the filtering step is optional, but can be useful to eliminate spurious trajectories. however, the script is set to export all trajectories into to your main working dir, so you can do fine tuning in your favorite data analysis program (e.g. R or Pandas)